Title: European and Japanese gardens; papers read before the American Institute of Architects ..
Year: 1902 (1900s)
Authors: Brown, Glenn, 1854-1932 Hamlin, A. D. F. (Alfred Dwight Foster), 1855-1926 Sturgis, R. Clipston (Richard Clipston), 1860-1951 Howard, John Galen, 1864-1931 Honda, Kinkichiro, 1850-1921
Subjects: Gardens Gardens
Publisher: Philadelphia, H.T. Coates & Co.
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation
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Text Appearing Before Image:
l Garden Lante, at Bagnaia, near Viterbo, the work of Vignola, or PirroLigorios Villa Pia in the Vatican grounds, at Rome—com-prises a rectangular territory of a few acres, rarely more thanten or fifteen, its length twice or thrice its breadth, and themajor axis following the profile or slope of the hill on which itis laid out. It is divided into three terraces (rarely two or four),each faced by a stone retaining-wall, surmounted by a balus-trade, and reached by broad stairways leading to the otherlevels. The lower level, entered from the street by a somewhatpretentious gateway, is the flower-garden proper; on the middlelevel is the house or casino, with the more important architec-tural accessories, such as colonnades, loggias, and summerhouses. Behind and above this, the third level, planted withtrees, and less formally treated than the other two, furnishes ashady and secluded retreat, grassy under foot, leafy overhead,musical with the song of birds and the trickle of water in the
Text Appearing After Image:
Cascade of Hercules DECORATIVE AND FESTAL CHARACTER At the Villa dEste on Lake Como 30 European and Japanese Gardens fountain. From the point of view of design, the dense foHage ofthis upper terrace serves as a foil and background for the moreopen and artificial levels below it, and as a transition to thewilder landscape of mountain and forest behind it. The flower-garden is laid out in geometrical compartmentsbordered by square-clipped hedges of box, within which fiowersand foliage plants are cultivated in beds forming elaboratescroll-patterns. The level walks are of gravel. An elaboratefountain adorns the central area, forming a focus and point ofinterest for the whole design. A high stone wall surrounds thegarden on three sides; it is usually covered with vines or hid-den by a profuse growth of box, yew, ilex, cypress, and pine,producing an impression of perfect seclusion with no oppres-sive display of prison-like walls. On the fourth side is theretaining-wall of the middle terrace
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Tagged: , bookid:europeanjapanese01brow , bookyear:1902 , bookdecade:1900 , bookcentury:1900 , bookauthor:Brown__Glenn__1854_1932 , bookauthor:Hamlin__A__D__F___Alfred_Dwight_Foster___1855_1926 , bookauthor:Sturgis__R__Clipston__Richard_Clipston___1860_1951 , bookauthor:Howard__John_Galen__1864_1931 , bookauthor:Honda__Kinkichiro__1850_1921 , booksubject:Gardens , bookpublisher:Philadelphia__H_T__Coates___Co_ , bookcontributor:The_Library_of_Congress , booksponsor:Sloan_Foundation , bookleafnumber:43 , bookcollection:library_of_congress , bookcollection:biodiversity , bookcollection:fedlink , BHL Collection , BHL Consortium