Title: European and Japanese gardens; papers read before the American Institute of Architects ..
Year: 1902 (1900s)
Authors: Brown, Glenn, 1854-1932 Hamlin, A. D. F. (Alfred Dwight Foster), 1855-1926 Sturgis, R. Clipston (Richard Clipston), 1860-1951 Howard, John Galen, 1864-1931 Honda, Kinkichiro, 1850-1921
Subjects: Gardens Gardens
Publisher: Philadelphia, H.T. Coates & Co.
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation
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Text Appearing Before Image:
Borghese grounds, one finds broad meadows,sloping lawns, and a natural or artificial wild-wood, but it is inmost cases sharply distinguished from the formal part of thegrounds, in which there is no mixing of the two sorts ofgardening. Trees are used chiefly in two ways—first on the upper ter-race and around the outskirts of the formal garden, to serve asa picturesque background silhouetted with its stone pines and 42 European and Japanese Gardens cypresses or poplars against the sky, and contrasting in thepurple darkness of its evergreen foliage with the lighter andgayer colors of the bright, sun-bathed architecture and gardenwalls. These trees furnish shade, coolness and repose, andin the older gardens they are sometimes of enormous size.Secondly, they are used to form avenues where the groundsare sufficiently extensive, as in the Pamfili Doria Villa, the VilladEste, or the Mattel Villa. Thirdly, at specified points in theflower-garden, or even on the second terrace, to relieve the
Text Appearing After Image:
THE TREATMENT OF TREES IS CHARACTERISTICAvenue of the Villa Borghese Rome formality, flatness or brilliancy of the parterres, gravel walks,and marble pavements. The trees most in use are the stonepine, poplar and cypress, for the more massive effects ; palmtrees occasionally for isolated points of interest, and the ilex, boxand yew for hedges and for the smaller avenues; these lastthree being well adapted for topiary-work or tree-clipping onaccount of their fine and very dense foliage. The stone pinewith its straight trunk and dignified outline, with its dark and 43 The Italian Formal Garden
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Tagged: , bookid:europeanjapanese01brow , bookyear:1902 , bookdecade:1900 , bookcentury:1900 , bookauthor:Brown__Glenn__1854_1932 , bookauthor:Hamlin__A__D__F___Alfred_Dwight_Foster___1855_1926 , bookauthor:Sturgis__R__Clipston__Richard_Clipston___1860_1951 , bookauthor:Howard__John_Galen__1864_1931 , bookauthor:Honda__Kinkichiro__1850_1921 , booksubject:Gardens , bookpublisher:Philadelphia__H_T__Coates___Co_ , bookcontributor:The_Library_of_Congress , booksponsor:Sloan_Foundation , bookleafnumber:56 , bookcollection:library_of_congress , bookcollection:biodiversity , bookcollection:fedlink , BHL Collection , BHL Consortium