Title: Horticulture; a text book for high schools and normals, including plant propagation; plant breeding; gardening; orcharding; small fruit growing; forestry; beautifying home grounds; the soils and enemies involved
Year: 1919 (1910s)
Authors: Davis, Kary Cadmus, 1867-1936
Subjects: Gardening Vegetable gardening Fruit-culture
Publisher: Philadelphia, London, J. B. Lippincott company
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: The Library of Congress
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ion mustbegin. This will be accompanied by fertilizing or feeding the soil tosupply plant food to the trees and growing fruit. After the culti-vation, picking will soon begin, and the fruit will have to besorted and marketed or stored and later sold (Fig. 232). There are special problems coming up from time to time duringthe year, such as the examination of trees for borers, and perhapsthe fighting of codling moth by the banding methods. Protectthe trees from sun scald, from attacks of rabbits, etc. The Annual Campaign for the Stone Fruits.—The operations inthe peach orchard are about the same as for the apple orchard. 329 330 WORK BY SEASONS 220.127.116.11.5.6.7. Prune the trees in their winter condition. Spray for scale and winter forms of fungous diseases. Continue the spring spraying. Cultivate during spring and early summer. Thin fruits when they are small. Fertilize during the cultivation period. Harvest the crop. Sort, pack and market (Fig. 233). Dig out borers each spring and fall.
Text Appearing After Image:
Fig. 233.—Picking baskets of this type help to protect the fruit from injury. Peachesare here being packed at an orchard station to start to market promptly. (New JerseyStation.) The Years Cultivation of Orchards—Plow the ground by turningthe soil with a turning plow in early spring. Let this approach as closeto the trees as possible. If the slope of soil will allow it, tillage im-plements may be run both ways. The small square near each treecan be worked up with hand tools such as grubbing hoes or mat-tocks. After plowing, the disk harrow or cutaway harrow (Figs. 234and 235) should be used to crumble the soil and prevent loss ofmoisture. Some such implement should be used several times. Itwill prevent the baking of soil and will keep down the growth of THE YEARS CULTIVATION OE ORCHARDS 331 weeds. Other tillage implements, such as the acme spike-toothand spring tooth harrows may be used at short intervals after thefirst plowing and disking (Figs.236 and 237). By midsummer it is us
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Tagged: , bookid:horticulturetext02davi , bookyear:1919 , bookdecade:1910 , bookcentury:1900 , bookauthor:Davis__Kary_Cadmus__1867_1936 , booksubject:Gardening , booksubject:Vegetable_gardening , booksubject:Fruit_culture , bookpublisher:Philadelphia__London__J__B__Lippincott_company , bookcontributor:The_Library_of_Congress , booksponsor:The_Library_of_Congress , bookleafnumber:343 , bookcollection:library_of_congress , bookcollection:biodiversity , bookcollection:fedlink , BHL Collection , BHL Consortium