Title: American homes and gardens
Year: 1905 (1900s)
Subjects: Architecture, Domestic Landscape gardening
Publisher: New York : Munn and Co
Contributing Library: Smithsonian Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Biodiversity Heritage Library
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Text Appearing Before Image:
fireplace the first problems whichface you are those of proportion, construction, and materials.The design of the fireplace itself, the opening, the linings, thefacings, and the mantel, are naturally all vital considerations.The height and width and depth of the opening should all,if the fire is to draw well, be in certain proportions one tothe other as well as to the lines of the throat and the area ofthe flue. In fireplaces where the flues are expected to run threestories or more, the flue area at the top of the smoke cham-ber should be one-twelfth the area of the fireplace opening, iftwo stories, one-tenth, and single story one-eighth. Theseproportions will burn wood fires. In the case of hard coalfires, the flue areas may be reduced 30 per cent. (From thismay be seen the difficulty of making the coal grate fireplacesof the old New York brown stone houses meet the require-ments of the fireplaces transformed for burning woodenlogs.) The total throat area should have one and one-half
Text Appearing After Image:
2—In Harmony With Its Surrounding Panel-work times the flue area. No open fireplace should be built with-out a backdraft shelf, so arranged that it extends far enoughout to prevent rain coming down the chimney and rusting theiron work. A liberal smoke chamber and the backdraft shelfare essential. The front edge of the fireplace opening shouldbe made as thin as possible. The depth of the fireplaceshould be at least one-half its width. 34 AMERICAN HOMES AND GARDENS January, 1907 For the average bedroom, say for instance 14 x 18 x 10,or 2,500 cubic feet, a fireplace opening 3 feet wide, 2 feet6 inches high, and 1 foot 8 inches deep will be found of goodproportions. It should have a terra-cotta lined flue of about100 square inches of inside area, or the flue known inthe trade as an 8 x 12 inch. An excellent section for its throatis given in illustration 6. For the average bedroom fireplacethe 8 x 12-inch flue is quite sufficient, for the larger openingsof very generous rooms a 12 x 12-i
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Tagged: , bookid:americanhomesgar41907newy , bookyear:1905 , bookdecade:1900 , bookcentury:1900 , booksubject:Architecture__Domestic , booksubject:Landscape_gardening , bookpublisher:New_York___Munn_and_Co , bookcontributor:Smithsonian_Libraries , booksponsor:Biodiversity_Heritage_Library , bookleafnumber:44 , bookcollection:biodiversity , BHL Collection , BHL Consortium